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Boosting the European Green Deal in the crop production sector

Conservation Agriculture (CA) is a sustainable agriculture production system comprising a set of farming practices adapted to the requirements of crops and local conditions of each region, whose farming and soil management techniques protect the soil from erosion and degradation, improve its quality and biodiversity, and contribute to the preservation of the natural resources, water and air, while optimizing yields

Principles on which CA is based

2.

Permanent vegetation coverage on the surface

3.

Rotation of crops and/or diversification of crops

1.

Not altering arable land through tilling actions

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Relevance of CA in Germany

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The benefits of CA

Contribution to more dynamic rural areas

Socio-economic contribution

CA-related farming activities bring direct and indirect economic benefits through time saving and thus reduction in labour requirement. Therefore, CA allows farmers to devote time to other economic and social activities on and off the farm.

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AIR

WATER

SOIL

BIODIVERSITY

AGRICULTURE

Contributions to GDP

Contributions to employment

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CA as an instrument to make rural areas more dynamic and to fight against rural abandonment

Agriculture and rural development

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Essential tools for CA practices

No-till seeders

No-till seeders are essential to prevent soil organic carbon losses that arise from tillage.

Herbicides

The integrated weed management (IWM) practice in CA optimizes the use of plant protection methods and products, including herbicides.

The role of the herbicide Glyphosate

Glyphosate, which is essential to CA practices, contributes to more effective and efficient weed control than other alternatives and its use is associated with higher productivity and lower costs

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Economic

Environmental

Social

Environmental

Socio-economic

€16M

Of current crop production can be associated with the use of glyphosate

35%

of EU farmers believe that there is no cost-efficient alternative to glyphosate

38%

of farmers in the EU would abandon CA techniques if it were not for glyphosate

The risks of not having access to Glyphosate

It should be specified that the elimination of glyphosate will cause varying increased costs for the farmer depending on the dose applied, the active substance used and the type of weeds targeted.

Cost increase

€534 M

Estimated decrease in crop output value without the use of glyphosate

15%

Yield decrease in wheat, barley, and rape without the use of glyphosate

MACROECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF GLYPHOSATE USE IN GERMANY (2021) - GDP

€185 M

direct contribution

€196 M

spillover effects (associated sectors and households)

€381M

total contribution

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Conservation Agriculture and the tools for its implementation in Germany

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